At the beginning of 2020, the Institute of Sociology at the Technical University of Berlin published an anthology on the topic “Genesis and Consequences of Care Robotics – The Constitution of an Interdisciplinary Research Field” with Beltz Verlag. Information on the volume (table of contents and reading sample) can be found online at: https://www.beltz.de/fachmedien/soziologie/produkte/produkt_produktdetails/39105-genese_und_folgen_der_pflegerobotik.html
The National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Funds (GKV Spitzenverband) has published volume 15 of its series of papers entitled Modellprogramm zur Weiterentwicklung der Pflegeversicherung (Model Program for the Further Development of Long-Term Care Insurance) under the title “Digitalization and the Need for Long-Term Care – Benefits and Potentials of Assistance Technologies”. The text is available online at: https://www.gkv-spitzenverband.de/media/dokumente/presse/publikationen/schriftenreihe/GKV-Schriftenreihe_Pflege_Band_15.pdf
In August 2018, the German Federal Minister for Family Affairs, Dr. Franziska Giffey, appointed the German government’s Eighth Commission on Ageing. As part of the priority topic “Older people and digitization,” ten experts from the fields of gerontology, computer science, sociology and cultural studies will work out what contribution digitization and technology can make to a good life in old age, what benefits and added value this has for older people, and what societal, social and ethical issues need to be considered in this context. The expert panel will be chaired by Prof. Dr. Andreas Kruse, Director of the Institute of Gerontology at Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. The expert report is expected to be available by November 2019. The work of the expert commission is accompanied by the Office of Gerontology Reports of the Federal Government at the German Center for Gerontology.
Further information can be found at: https://www.achter-altersbericht.de/der-achte-altersbericht/
The memorandum “Arbeit und Technik 4.0 in der professionellen Pflege” (Work and Technology 4.0 in Professional Care) is the result of cooperation between five research associations in the funding priority “Preventive Measures for the Safe and Healthy Work of Tomorrow” of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. This cooperation within the focus group “New approaches to occupational health and safety in the care and service sector” provided the basis for discussions around and proposals for the future design of “Work and Technology 4.0” in care.
The aim of the present memorandum is to present the joint positioning of the signatories on the sustainable and future-oriented design and implementation of technical innovations in the work area of nursing staff.
Under the title “Robotics and assistive neurotechnologies in care – societal challenges”, the Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag (TAB) has prepared an expert report on robotics in care. The paper can be downloaded at: https://www.tab-beim-bundestag.de/de/pdf/publikationen/berichte/TAB-Arbeitsbericht-ab177.pdf
The Berufsgenossenschaft für Gesundheitsdienst und Wohlfahrtspflege (BGW) publishes the results of a survey of over 500 nursing staff on the use and acceptance of new technologies in everyday nursing care. The study is available at: https://www.bgw-online.de/DE/Medien-Service/Medien-Center/Medientypen/BGW-Broschueren/BGW09-14-002-Pflege-4-0-Einsatz-moderner-Technologien.html
Against the backdrop of current debates on the design of “Care 4.0” or the “Care of the Future”, the Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (BAuA) has presented the results of the study “Technologies in a Care of the Elderly of the Future – A Delphi Study”. The aim of the study is to obtain expert-based forecasts on the significance of technologies for everyday working life.
The most important results of the Delphi study can be found at: https://www.baua.de/DE/Angebote/Publikationen/Fokus/Pflege-der-Zukunft.html
With the title “Digitalization in Hospitals. More Technology – Better Work”, the Hans Böckler Foundation has presented an empirical study on the dissemination and use of digital technologies in German hospitals (Volume 364 of the Hans Böckler Foundation’s Study series). The study provides insight into the conditions of the implementation of digital technologies for nursing in hospitals and shows effects of digitalization from the perspective of employees in the. The study is available at: https://www.boeckler.de/pdf/p_study_hbs_364.pdf
On behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Health (BMG), a consortium consisting of Roland Berger GmbH (RB), the Nursing Faculty of the Philosophical-Theological University of Vallendar (PTHV) and the German Institute for Applied Nursing Research (DIP), which has a second location at the PTHV, has conducted a study on information and communication technologies (ICT) in the nursing sector. (DIP), which maintains a second location at the PTHV, conducted a study on information and communication technologies (ICT) in the nursing sector, or “ePflege” for short. The focus was on recording the current situation in the use and development of digital ICT offerings in care. It also focused on identifying current and future needs and analyzing existing barriers to the use and dissemination of digital solutions in care. A number of concrete proposals for action were derived from the study’s comprehensive data basis.
The results of the ePflege study are based on an online survey of 63 relevant players in the care sector, an analysis of 217 projects in which ICT approaches related to care were developed and tested, and a series of four expert workshops. The perspectives of key groups were focused on: Service recipients, service providers, technology developers and political actors. The results of ePflege point to a need for action in the user and everyday orientation of digital solutions and in the networking and information of all stakeholders. Likewise, there was potential in the further development of funding policy, research and evaluation, and the improvement of market conditions for the sustainable introduction of ICT in care.
The study describes the central need for action as the stronger anchoring of care ICT in the healthcare system and impetus for the further spread of ICT in care. Specifically, the establishment of an “ePflege initiative” and an “ePflege office” are proposed, as well as lighthouse projects for the district-based dissemination of ICT solutions and an “education campaign on digitization in care”. At the same time, these approaches are intended to tie in with funding programs and project results that have already been completed.
The study was prepared under the direction of Thilo Zelt (RB), Prof. Dr. Manfred Hülsken-Giesler (PTHV) and Prof. Dr. Frank Weidner (DIP) and their teams.
The study can be downloaded free of charge here.